Flamenco, a mature and worldwide appreciated art
From 1850 to 1920 flamenco music developed into a mature art form. As from 1843, annually the Feria was organized in Seville, an ambitious annual festival in honor of life in Andalucia and flamenco music. More and more non Gitano singers, called Payo singers, discovered flamenco and soon flamenco music was appreciated by the higher society as well. In the same period, the café cantantes for the civil public opened, organizing both traditional Spanish (zarzuela) and flamenco shows. Later on, national flamenco tours, flamenco ballet and opera flamenca and evening performances in large theaters were organized. The adaptation required by this new flamenco theatrical format also introduced the flamenco guitar as a soloist instrument instead of being submitted to the needs of the singing and dancing. This evolution in flamenco guitar playing was leaded by flamenco guitar players such as Ramón Montoya, Manolo de Huelva, Javier Molina or Sabicas. Flamenco singers became stars and gradually, Flamenco was known and appreciated worldwide. The cafe cantantes as they existed, became less and less popular. During the past decades, a number of different types of instruments used in flamenco music have increased. The percussion box or Cajón has become very popular, but the same phenomenon occurred with instruments from other musical styles such as the violin, the cello, the flute…resulting in Flamenco Chamber Music performances. Another trend is the pursuit of fusion with folk music, jazz or other musical styles such as Middle Eastern and Asian, Brazilian, pop, rock and contemporary-classical music.