Flamenco guitar music, accompaniment for singing and dance
Flamenco guitar music started as accompaniment for singing or Cante and their relateddances.They are identified by their typical rhythms or compas, melodies, harmonies or musical keys and emotional themes. Anyone playing flamenco guitar is playing one of these specific patterns known as Palos. No matter how technically refined, flamenco music is mostly defined in terms of singing or Cante rather than of guitar technique. Flamenco music is commonly played using a cejilla, which purpose consists on changing the key of the flamenco guitar in order to suit the singer’s vocal range.
The typical techniques of the flamenco guitar music sound
In addition of the techniques common to classical guitar playing, flamenco guitar music is uniquely characterized by use of Golpes or percussive finger tapping on a tapping plate or golpeador, by picados with more attack and articulation, by rasgueados or flamenco guitar strumming, by alzapuas and different kinds of tremolos.
Rasgueados can be one of the most impressive parts of flamenco guitar music. Performed by outward individual flicks of the right hand fingers and done in a huge variety of ways, rasgueados creates a nice rhythmic roll, supporting the footwork of flamenco dancers. An alzapua uses the right hand thumb for both single-lines notes and strums across a number of strings. Both techniques are combined in a quick succession to give that unique percussive flamenco guitar sound.
Harmony based on Roman numeral triads or dissonant chords with more tones
Harmony in music refers to how chords are constructed and the system by which one chord follows another chord in time. Harmony functions as an accompaniment to melody. A basic three-tone chord or triad consists of three notes: the root, the third above the root, and the fifth above the root. Chords are notated by the scale of degree of their root note. The degrees are identified by Roman numerals. The most typical chord progression of the Flamenco cadence, a sequence of four chords creating a cadencial closure; is VI,V, IV, III. When starting and ending on any note within a scale, we create different "modes" of the same scale. The three modes used in flamenco guitar music are the Ionian mode (the major scale), the Aolean mode (the natural Minor scale) and the majorized or dominant Phrygian mode. Another characteristic of flamenco guitar music is that chords progressions rarely appear as consonant triads. They are usually dissonant chords containing a minimum of four tones.
La Sonanta offers a large variety of outstanding flamenco guitars, whatever you budget may be, and all kinds of flamenco guitar strings. For those that want to learn or perform playing, we distinguish two major groups for flamenco guitar lessons.
Don’t hesitate to contact us for more information.